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朱颖杰, 邴佳, 郑莉莉, 宋萍, 万立新. 医护人员对新生儿先天性心脏病筛查认知情况的调查与分析[J]. 中国妇幼卫生杂志, 2024, 15(3): 51-55. DOI: 10.19757/j.cnki.issn1674-7763.2024.03.009
引用本文: 朱颖杰, 邴佳, 郑莉莉, 宋萍, 万立新. 医护人员对新生儿先天性心脏病筛查认知情况的调查与分析[J]. 中国妇幼卫生杂志, 2024, 15(3): 51-55. DOI: 10.19757/j.cnki.issn1674-7763.2024.03.009
ZHU Ying Jie, BING Jia, ZHENG Li Li, SONG Ping, WAN Li Xin. Survey and analysis of healthcare professionals’ awareness of newborn congenital heart disease screening[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF WOMEN AND CHILDREN HEALTH, 2024, 15(3): 51-55. DOI: 10.19757/j.cnki.issn1674-7763.2024.03.009
Citation: ZHU Ying Jie, BING Jia, ZHENG Li Li, SONG Ping, WAN Li Xin. Survey and analysis of healthcare professionals’ awareness of newborn congenital heart disease screening[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF WOMEN AND CHILDREN HEALTH, 2024, 15(3): 51-55. DOI: 10.19757/j.cnki.issn1674-7763.2024.03.009

医护人员对新生儿先天性心脏病筛查认知情况的调查与分析

Survey and analysis of healthcare professionals’ awareness of newborn congenital heart disease screening

  • 摘要:
    目的 探讨医护人员对新生儿先天性心脏病筛查的认知情况及影响因素,为实施有效的健康教育及培训策略提供依据。
    方法 采用课题组自行设计的调查问卷,对吉林省全部助产机构产科、新生儿科、儿科及超声影像科等相关科室的医护人员进行问卷调查。调查内容包括一般情况、医护人员先天性心脏病筛查认知情况(10个条目)及医护人员先天性心脏病筛查应用知识了解情况(5个条目)。采用单因素方差分析和多元线性回归分析认知情况的影响因素。
    结果 本次共调查医护人员1 297人,其中医生590人(45.49%),护士707人(54.51%)。医护人员对新生儿先天性心脏病筛查的认知情况总分为(73.80 ± 13.98)分,应用知识总体回答正确率为20.68%。单因素分析结果显示,年龄和医院级别均会对医护人员的新生儿先天性心脏病筛查认知情况有影响(均P < 0.05)。多因素分析结果显示,医院级别是医护人员对新生儿先天性心脏病筛查认知情况的影响因素(P < 0.05)。
    结论 医护人员对新生儿先天性心脏病筛查的认知程度尚可,应用知识掌握情况较差,其认知情况受到医院级别的影响,应针对不同级别医院实施有侧重点的技术培训,促进新生儿先天性心脏病筛查工作有序开展。

     

    Abstract:
    Objective To explore healthcare professionals’ awareness of newborn congenital heart disease screening and its influencing factors, and to provide a basis for implementing effective health education and training strategies.
    Methods A self-designed questionnaire developed by the research team was utilized to investigate the medical and nursing staff in obstetrics, neonatology, pediatrics and ultrasound imaging departments in all midwifery institutions in Jilin Province. The survey included general information, healthcare professionals’ understanding of congenital heart disease screening (10 items), and their knowledge about the application of congenital heart disease screening (5 items). One-way ANOVA and multiple linear regression analysis were used to identify factors influencing awareness.
    Results A total of 1 297 healthcare professionals were surveyed, including 590 doctors (45.49%) and 707 nurses (54.51%). The overall score of healthcare professionals’ awareness of neonatal congenital heart disease screening was 73.80 ± 13.98, and the overall correct response rate of the applied knowledge was 20.68%. Univariate analysis revealed that both age and hospital level had an impact on the awareness of healthcare professional in screening for newborn congenital heart disease (all P < 0.05). Multifactorial analysis indicated that hospital level was an influencing factor of healthcare professionals’ awareness of neonatal congenital heart disease screening (P < 0.05).
    Conclusion Healthcare professionals have an acceptable level of awareness regarding neonatal congenital heart disease screening, but their mastery of applied knowledge is poor, and their awareness is affected by hospital level. Focused technical training should be implemented in hospital of different levels to promote the orderly development of neonatal congenital heart disease screening.

     

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